A promo from the E series 'Candy Girls'
P Dionne, Stephens, April L Few (2007) The Effects of Images of African American Women in Hip-Hop on Early Adolescents’ Attitudes Toward Physical Attractiveness and Interpersonal Relationships 56, (3,4) 251-264 Retrieved from Springer Link Database
I wanted to use this journal article because it seemed to really hit the nail on the head concerning my argument. Stephen’s and Lew attack the different meanings of African American sexuality and stereotypes in regards to hip-hop music help to showcase the number of variations and expectations music places on women. Stereotypes such as the Baby Momma and the Gold digger, help to segregate women from each other in terms of images and also help divide them. The images of women in the context of hip-hop music give viewers and men a false sense of what it means to be an African American woman in a larger sense. The preceding becomes problematic because when viewers and consumers of this type of music are introduced to real world settings they are seeing real live women and not the fantasies they are used to. Conflict arises here, because the objectification these women in a fictions setting makes it seem appropriate to treat women like sexual dumping grounds.
Sauceda, L. , 2004-08-14 “Honey Girl Versus Video Hottie: Black Female Sexuality and the Politics of Respectability” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Hilton San Francisco & Renaissance Parc 55 Hotel, San Francisco, CA, Online . 2009-05-26 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p109931_index.html
Women in music videos are important because they actually serve as role models for young girls. While these women are portrayed in a negative light, the reason they can be seen as role models is because they offer these young women something to aspire to. On the flipside of this, these same girls may act dress or strive to look like these women but not realize the real message they are sending out. Its natural to want to emulate the things you see on television but when a teenage girl is being referred to as a ‘tramp’ as a result something is wrong. If a person is led to believe that a certain type of behavior is correct and is being punished for it then the system and what it means to be a young girl in a situation like this has been set up to sabotage their development. This thesis is important to my research because it deals with the other side of what it means to be a female viewer or a woman in hip-hop culture. The women who are in these music videos were at one point young women themselves, so I think its important to examine the other aspect of women in these videos. The female viewer and the lead or the supporting actresses in these videos are just as important as their male counterparts, however on a larger scale they are also part of their own communities and have separate lives outside the music industry. The two women ( the consumer verses the active participant) is something that becomes interchangeable because these same viewers can easily be in the same place as the women they strive to envy
Kubrin, C. and Weitzer, R. , 2007-11-14 “Misogyny in Rap Music: Objectification, Exploitation, and Violence against Women” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia Online . 2010-03-12 from http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p200347_index.htm
I chose to use this last article in my research because misogyny is something that’s still prevalent in rap music today. Some times it can be hard to spot, but if you pay attention the signs can be seen in things like champagne bottles being unloaded on women, fire hoses and the like. Artistic expression is one thing but when this same expression begins to degrade women, there’s a problem. There have been more recent examples such as Tip Drill or Pursuit of Happiness one deals with using a credit card and female genitalia as currency. This video is about five years old so it is safe to say that the ideas and the messages are not that outdated. Violence against women seems to be something that is normalized in rap music, for a last example there is I Poke Her Face which deals with violent oral rape of a stripper. The place of women in these videos also has a lot to do with how they are treated. Strippers are degraded while lead women are showered with love and attention. Skin color also plays a key role in treatment.
Since my project will generally deal with the ways women are portrayed in music videos, my real research will start with extensive viewing of different types of music videos. I do not want to focus on just hip-hop and rap since rap is not the only genre of music that objectifies women. I will also be conducting interviews of people both within and outside my family. For those outside of my family I will interview and survey people between the ages of 20 and 50 years of age. I decided to keep the age range so open because music and its messages are both universal. Music can affect you no matter how old you are or what background you come from so I will also try to interview men and women from different backgrounds. My research will not stop with this, in my time off from school an episode of TYRA concerning skin bleaching caught my attention. Another active part of my research will include going into local beauty supply stories to take records of the different types of beauty products women use in order to achieve an image. The way women look in music videos are often directly related to the types of roles they play in the music world. A last part of my research will include the photographic aspect of the work. Overall there are many aspects that are often neglected in this type of media. I will not try to cover everything, but paint a significant picture of what it means to be a woman in the hip-hop environment
As far as ethical considerations go, while doing my research I will not interview anyone under the age of 20. When I enter beauty supply stories before I start my fieldwork I will let the store owner and employees know that I am doing a research project. I imagine it would be easier for me to conduct my research by not revealing my intentions. People are less inclined to share information once it is going to be used on some sort of public level; however I will be as honest as possible to maintain the integrity of my project. There will also be an option of opting out of the interview or survey process, in case the subject I am working with is uncomfortable they will also be allowed to drop out of the process with no questions asked. A final step in my process along the lines of ethics will be all participants signing a consent form. Getting their consent will ensure that all information used is allowed and doesn’t compromise those I choose to talk to during the interview or survey process.